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海洋工程专业英语词汇_Specialty translation_西安翻译公司-西安天风翻译咨询有限公司-专业法律翻译公司-权威英语翻译公司
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海洋工程专业英语词汇
发布时间:2009/11/27  阅读次数:9619  字体大小: 【】 【】【
  
海洋工程技术词汇
  
A
A-60 fire door     A-60级防火门
a-hundred-year return period  百年一遇
abrasive       (喷砂用的)磨料
abrasive paper  砂纸
AC generator  交流发电机
AC motor 交流电动机
accelerated corrosion testing 加速腐蚀试验
acceptance criteria     合格准则
access hole (for welding)=cope hole  焊接工艺孔
accommodation and power platform (APP) 生活动力平台
according to =in accordance with =
in line with =as per =in the light of     按照
acetylene gas       乙炔
acid electrode   酸性焊条
acid proof cement     防酸水泥
additive   添加剂
adhere to   遵守(动词)
adherence to       遵守(名词)
adjacent columns     相临立柱
adverse combination of loads 荷载的不利组合
adverse condition     不利条件
aeronautical radio system   航空无线电系统
AFC (approved for construction)   建造批准
Aforementioned   上述的
aft winch     船艉绞车
agitator     搅拌器
air blower     鼓风机
air compressor     空压机
air drive pump   气动泵
air hoister   气动绞车
air manifold     气包
air tight test   气密性试验
air-hose     风带
aircraft obstruction beacon   航空障碍灯
alarm buzzer   报警蜂鸣器
alarm horn       报警喇叭
aliphatic polyurethane     脂肪族聚氨酯漆
allowable (working) stress   许用应力
Aluminum alloy anode   铝合金阳极
Aluminum ingot     铝锭
aluminum paint     银粉漆
aluminum sheet     铝皮
ambient air temperature     环境气温
ambient temperature       环境温度
anchor block   地锚块
anchor bolt     地脚螺栓
anchor ground       锚地
anchor pile       锚桩
anchor profile/pattern   涂装表面的粗糙度
anchor rack     锚架
anchoring buoy     锚泊浮筒
angle of incidence       入射角
angle of reflection     折射角
angle probe method       超声波斜射探伤
angle steel     角钢
angle valve   角阀
anode core     阳极芯子
anode end face geometry       阳极端面几何形状
anode life     阳极寿命
anode potential         阳极电位
anode stand-off post     支架式阳极的立柱
anodic resistance       阳极电阻
anti-electrostatic floor         防静电地板
anticorrosive paint   防锈漆
antipollution measures     防污染措施
API specified requirement   API规定的要求
apparent batter     视斜度
applicable API specification   API适用规范
approach-departure sector       直升飞机起落扇形区
appurtenance =attachment =accessory =auxiliary     附件
arc air gouging       碳弧气刨
arc cutting         电弧切割
arc strike       弧击  
argon arc welding         氩弧焊
argon arc welding machine     氩弧焊机
articulated tower mooring system     绞接塔系泊系统
artificial island     人工岛
as per       按照
as-built     完工
as-built dossier     完工资料
as-built drawing       完工图
as-rolled       轧制状态
assemble     组装(动词)
assembly       组装(名词)
associated gas     伴生气
at the option of A     按A的意愿  
atmospheric diving system
=unpressurized diving system     常压潜水系统
atmospheric vent       防空管
attachments       附件    
auto fire alarm system     火灾自动报警系统
automatic spraying system     自动喷淋系统
  
B
(to be) buttered     (焊接的)长肉
back chipping         清根
back gouging       反面气刨
backing weld       打底焊道
backpressure regulator
(self contained)     背压式调节阀(自力式)
backwash return pump   反冲洗回流泵
backwash purge tank       反冲洗罐
backwash tank       反冲洗水罐
Ball hardness       布氏硬度
ball valve       球阀
bar     (截面较小的)圆钢方钢六角钢等
bar chart   统计用的柱状图
barge bumper       靠船件
barge strength and stability     驳船强度及稳性
barrel     (管件的)加厚段
base metal     母材, 基本金属
basic design     基本设计
basic electrode =lime type covered electrode     碱性焊条
battery room     蓄电池间
blowout preventer system (BOP system)   防喷器系统
beam depth     梁高
beam path distance       超声波发射程距
bearing strength of the ground       地基承载力
bearing stress     支撑应力
before welding is initiated     始焊前
bending moment     弯矩
bending stress     弯曲应力
bevel         坡口
bevel angle     坡口面角度
beveling/chamfering     开坡口
bid drawing       招标图纸
bilge /fire pump     舱底污水—消防两用泵
bilge alarm system       污水报警系统
bid/tender for       投标
blast cleaning       喷砂除锈
blind flange       盲法兰
blind spectacle flange       快速盲法兰
blow countn     打桩的锤击数
blowdown vessel       排放罐
blowhole; gas pore       气孔
blowout preventer stack       防喷器组
buoyant turret mooring         浮筒转塔式系泊
boat landing         登船平台
bolt, nut and washer       螺栓, 螺母及垫片
bolted connection       螺栓连接
boom         吊机扒杆
boom angle       吊臂倾斜角
bore hole           镗孔
boss with plug       带有丝堵的管座
bottom echo       底面回声
bottom sitting drilling platform     坐底式钻井船
boundary condition         边界条件
bow         船艏
box beam       箱形梁
box type joint       箱形节点
brace       拉筋
bracelet anode         手鐲式阳极
branch member       支杆
breathing apparatus, respirator         防毒面具
bridge       栈桥
bridge (overhead) crane       天车吊
brittleness       脆性
brush coating     用毛刷涂漆
buckle fastener       绑带
bulb angle     球扁钢
build-up girder     组合梁
bulk head     隔板, 舱壁
burn through     烧穿
burner       气焊工
burr and flashing     飞边毛刺
business and management       经营管理
butt-welded seam       对接焊缝
butterfly valve       蝶阀
  
C
cable layer         敷缆船
cable rack tray       电缆托架
caisson       沉箱
caisson washing pump     洗舱泵
caisson-type platform     沉箱式平台
can       (管件的)段
cantilever beam       悬臂梁
cantilever jack-up rig       悬臂自升式钻井船
cantilever well module     悬臂式井口模块
cap beam       帽梁
capped steel       半镇静钢
capsizing lever     倾覆力臂                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
capsizing moment =overturn moment       倾覆力矩
carbon arc air gouging     碳弧气刨
carbon dioxide cylinder     二氧化碳气瓶
carbon equivalent     碳当量
carbon dioxide (CO2) arc welding     二氧化碳气体保护电弧焊
cargo master system       货油舱总监控系统              
cargo tank cleaning machine         洗舱机
carrier     (搬运) 小车
carry out =perform =conduct =execute     进行
catenary anchor leg mooring (CALM)     悬链锚腿系泊
cathodic protection       阴极保护
cellar deck     底甲板
cellar shutdown panel (CSDP)     井口系统关断盘
cement grout         水泥浆
cementing vessel         固井船
center line       中心线
center of buoyancy       浮心
center of floatation     漂心
center of gravity     重心
center punch         冲子
central control room (CCR)     中央控制室
central processing platform     中心处理平台
centrifugal pump     离心泵
centrifuger       离心机
ceramic fibres         防火陶棉
ceramic tiles       瓷砖
certifying authority     第三方检验机构
chain block       倒链
chair with arm-rests     带扶手的半软椅
chamfering       开坡口
channel steel       槽钢
charpy-V notch energy       夏比V形缺口韧性值
charpy-V notch impact test     夏比V形缺口冲击实验
chart datum         海图基准面
check randomly         抽检
check valve         止回阀
checkered plate       花纹板
chemical composition     化学成分
chemical injection package       化学注入撬
chemical injection system       化学药剂注入系统
chemical seal       化学密封
chipping hammer       敲渣锤
chisel       风铲
chord member         弦杆
Christmas tree       采油树
circumference         周长
circumferential weld         环焊缝
classification survey       入级检验
clean water injection pump       清水注入泵
clean water surge tank         清水缓冲罐
clearance         间隙
client         业主, 顾客
close drain tank       闭式排放罐
closed /open circuit         闭 /开路
closed drain pump       闭式排放泵
closed drain tank         闭式排放罐
clustered well heads     丛式井口
CO2 cylinder unit       CO2 气瓶组
CO2 extinguisher       CO2 灭火器                  
coal tar epoxy paint       含焦油环氧涂料
coaming         档水扁钢  
coating         涂装
coating interval       涂漆间隔
coefficient       系数          
cold formed pipe       冷卷管
cold shut       冷隔
cold work       冷加工
collapse ring     加强环板
column       立柱
combustible gas detector     可燃气体探测器
come-along       手搬葫芦
commercial blast cleaning       普通级喷砂除锈
commissioning       调试
compile and maintain a document       编制和保存文件
complete penetration groove weld     全熔透坡口焊
completion riser         完井立管
complex joint     复杂节点
compliance with           符合(名词)
comply with       符合(动词)                  
composite rockwool ceiling     复合岩棉天花板
composite rockwool panel     复合岩棉板
concentric reducer     同心大小头
conceptual design     概念设计
concrete platform     混凝土平台  
condensate drum   冷凝液罐
condensing water   冷凝水
conductor   隔水套管
conductor guide     套管导向
cone     大小口, 锥体
conform to =stick to =adhere to   符合, 遵守
connection   节点, 连接
consumption rate     阳极消耗率
continuous beam     连续梁
continuous double fillet weld     双面连续贴角焊
continuous welding     连续焊          
contract     合同
contraction stress       收缩应力
contractor       承包商
control valve (accessories handwheel)   带手轮的控制阀
control valve assembly     控制阀总成  
coordinates       坐标系  
coordination           协调
cope hole       (焊接)工艺孔
corrective and preventive action   纠正和预防措施
correlation curve     相关曲线
corrosion allowance     腐蚀余量
corrosion coupon   腐蚀片
corrosion protection   防腐
corrugated plate interceptor   斜板分离器
couplant     UT用的耦合剂
coupling     连轴器, 管箍
crack         裂纹
crane barge, crane vessel     起重船
crane support     吊机支撑
crater       焊口
crawler crane         履带吊车
criteria         (验收)标准
cross angle       交叉角
cross section         横截面
crow bar           撬杠
cruciform bollard     单十字带缆柱
crude cooler       原油冷却器
crude filter         原油过滤器
crude heat exchanger     原油换热器
crude loading/export pump     原油外输泵  
crude loading pump     原油装载泵    
crude oil drain tank       原油排放舱
crude preheat exchanger   原油预热器
crude suction strainer       原油吸入滤器  
crude transfer pump       原油输送泵
cup support     垫墩
curing time     (油漆的)固化时间
current capacity     (阳极的)电流容量
current density         (阳极的)电流密度
current direction       海流方向
curvature radius       曲率半径
customer (试比较purchaser需方)    
  客户(签合同后, 客户变需方)
cut by torch         以火焰切割
cut off         割除, 割除物
cutoff allowance     切割裕量
cutting plan           排板图
cutting sheet         单件图
  
D
(in) duplicate       一式两份
(to) drive piles       打桩
DAC curves       距离—振幅曲线
daily diesel filter     日用柴油滤器
damage-prone connection     易破坏的节点
damper, dampener       减振器
DC generator       直流发电机
Decibel (dB)       分贝
deck beam         甲板梁
deck cover         甲板敷料
deck crane       甲板吊机
deck floor plate     甲板板
deck water seal unit       甲板水封装置
deep freeze compressor       深冷压缩机
deepwater jacket       深水导管架
defeat /default /disconnection         缺陷
deflection     挠度
dehydration degassing vessel       脱水除气器
dehydration preheater       脱水预热器
dehydrator feed pump   电脱水供给泵
delivery of materials       材料交货
derrick barge           回转式起重船
desander       除砂罐
design basis     设计基准
design parameters     设计参数
detail         详图
detail design       详细设计
develop /establish a document   编制文件
dew point       露点
DFT (dry film thickness)       干膜厚度
diagonal brace     斜拉筋
dial gauge       百分表
diaphragm         隔板
diaphragm valve       隔膜阀
die stamp           钢印
diesel daily tank         柴油日用罐
diesel filter coalescer     柴油过滤净化装置
diesel generator set       柴油发电机组
diesel oil daily tank with heater     柴油日用罐
(带加热器)
diesel pump     柴油泵
diesel storage tank       柴油储罐
diesel storage tank with heater     柴油储罐
(带加热器)
diesel tank     柴油罐
diesel transfer pump       柴油输送泵
differential pressure control valve     差压控制阀
diffuser         布风器
dihedral angle         二面角
dimensional checks         尺寸检验
direct /alternating current
arc welding       直/交流电弧焊
direct current emergency supply       直流应急电源
disassembling     拆除
discontinuity     缺陷
displacement oil tank     置换油罐
distortion from welding       焊接变形
distress signals     遇险呼救信号
diver     潜水员
diver support vessel     潜水作业船
document approval and issue     文件的批准和下发
documentation       文件编制
dog         组装用的刀把
dolphin             系缆柱
domestic sea water pump       生活海水泵
double agent facility       双介质灭火装置
double bed       双层床
double bevel groove         K形坡口
double bollard     双柱带缆柱
double groove         双面坡口
double probe method     双探头法
double V groove     双面V形坡口(X形坡口)                  
double plate       垫板, 包板
down hill welding     下向焊
drain pit     排放池
draught gauge     吃水标尺
drawing and specification       图纸及技术规格书
drawing types       图纸种类
图纸种类有:
conceptual drawing   概念图纸
basic drawing         基本设计图
bid drawing         招标图纸
design drawing       详细设计图
fabrication drawing     加工设计图
shop drawing     车间加工图
as-built drawing         完工图
dredger       挖泥船
drift pin       心轴, 销子
drift test         管流试验, 管线试通
drill     钻头
drilling module         钻井模块
drilling platform         钻井平台
drilling template       钻井基盘
drillship, drilling ship       浮式钻井船
driving voltage       驱动电压
dry chemical extinguisher     干粉灭火器
dry-type tree     干式采油树
dryer           烘箱
during the course of fabrication     在制造过程中
during the life of structures       结构寿命期间
dye penetrant inspection         着色检验
dynamic-positioning rig     动力定位钻井船
  
E
earth lead       地线
eccentric reducer       偏心大小头
echo height           回波高度
edge crimping         (卷管的)压头
edge preparation         坡口加工
effective throat thickness       焊缝计算厚度
elbow       弯头
electric dehydrator       电脱水器
electric desalter       电脱盐器
electric drill   手电钻
electric heater     电加热器
electric submersible pump       电潜泵
electric-hydraulic valve       电—液操作阀
electrical connection     导电连接
electro-slag welding       电渣焊接
electrochemical property       电化学特性
electrode         电焊条
electrode covering     焊条药皮
electrode holder       焊把, 焊钳
electrolyte     电解质
elevation (EL)   标高, 立面图
elongation       延伸率
emergency air compressor     应急空压机
emergency ballast control system     应急压载控制系统
emergency BOP recovery system     防喷器紧急回收系统
emergency generator     应急发电机
emergency light     应急照明灯
emergency power station       应急电站
emergency shutdown       紧急关断
emergency shutdown system (ESD)
应急关断系统
emergency switch board       应急开关柜
emergency switch room   应急配电间
emery cloth     金刚砂布
emulsion transfer pump     乳化油输送泵
engine room     动力舱, 机舱
engineering geotechnical vessel     工程地质船
engineering vessel   工程船舶
entire length       全长
equal angle   等边角钢
equation   公式
equipment base     设备底座
erection   安装
ERW (electric resistance welding)       电阻焊
escape route   逃生路线
essential variable     焊接基本参数
excess of weight     超重
existing structure       已有结构
explosion proof equipment       防爆设备
exposure distance   防火距离
extent of defect in %       缺陷百分率
extent of inspection     检验范围
extent of repair   返修率
external surface of brace     拉筋的外表面
extra margin of stress     应力裕量
  
F
fabricated wide flange shape 焊接成的宽翼缘型钢
fabrication aids     制造辅助物(又临时吊点)
fabrication design     加工设计
fabrication phase   制造阶段
fabrication sequence   顺序
fabrication yard     制造场地
face bend test         表面弯曲试验
facsimile transceiver   传真收发两用机
fastener     紧固件
fatigue damage     疲劳破坏
field assembly     空间组对, 现场组对
field mating point   海上对接点(如导管架与组块对接点)
field splice     现场拼接
field weld       现场焊缝
fifty year return period       五十年一遇
file     锉刀
filler metal       填充金属
final fabrication tolerance   最终制造公差
finish coat     面漆
finished product         成品
finite element analyses     有限元分析
fire alarm siren     火灾警笛
fire and gas detecting system     火灾—可燃气探测系统
fire control panel     消防控制盘
fire damper       防火风闸
fire door closer, fire proof door     防火门    
fire extinguishing system       消防系统
fire fighting water, fire water     消防水
fire foam hydrant       消防泡沫栓
fire hose station, hose box     消防箱
fire monitor   消防炮
fire panel     火灾—可燃气报警显示盘
fire proof wall, fire wall       防火墙
fire protected plastic tiles   防火塑料地板
fire protection wall       防火墙
fire station       消防软管箱
fire water /foam monitor     消防炮(水或泡沫)
fire water deluge system   大水量灭火系统
fire water hose rock     消防水软管
fire water hydrant     消防水栓
fire water jockey pump   消防水增压泵
fire water lift pump       消防水提升泵
fire water pump       消防水泵
fire-fighting vessel, fire boat       消防船
fireman box       消防员箱
first aid kit       急救箱
first coat       底漆
first stage hydrocyclone       一级水力旋流器
first stage separator   一级分离器
fit-up     坡口组对
fitter         组装工
fixed crude oil washing machine     固定式原油清洗机
fixed drilling platform       固定式钻井平台
fixed platform     固定式平台
fixed tower SPM     塔系泊
flame arrester     组火器
flame cutting           火焰切割
flame cutting droplets and debris     火焰切割
形成的熔滴和料头
flame cutting machine     火焰切割机
flame cutting torch   火焰割枪
flammability limits       可燃度极限
flange       翼缘, 法兰
flare assembly   火炬总成
flare boom         火炬臂
flow indicator (FI)     流量显示器
flare drum       闪蒸罐
flare pilot gas     火炬引燃器
flare scrubber   火炬分液器
flare tower     火炬塔
flat bar         扁钢
flat plate anode     扁阳极
flat welding       平焊
flaw       裂纹
flaw detectability   缺陷检测灵敏度
flaw echo             缺陷回声
flexible hose         柔性软管
flexible riser       挠性立管  
floater controlled valve         浮球控制阀
floating cargo hose         浮式输油软管
floating loading hose           浮式装油软管  
floating oil production and
  storage unit (FPSO)   浮式生产储油装置      
floating oil storage unit     浮式储油装置
floating production platform     浮式生产平台
floating production, storage
and off-loading tanker     浮式生产储油外输轮
floating state       漂浮状态
flooding       注水
floppy disk       软盘
flow chart             流程图  
frame structure         梁格结构  
flow quantity recorder (FQ)   累计流量计    
flow switch       流量开关
flux         焊药
flux cored arc welding (FCAW)   药芯焊
flux-cored electrode   管状焊条
flux-cored wire       药芯焊丝  
foam extinguishing system   固定式泡沫灭火系统
foam monitor     泡沫泡
foam station       泡沫站      
fog horn, fog signal         雾笛
folding bed       折叠床
folding chair     折叠椅
foot print     被交位置
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